FFP is an abbreviation of Filtering half Face Masks; the face masks are then split into three categories determined by the protection level: FFP1, FFP2 and FFP3. You can wear face masks to protect the lungs from anything hazardous in the air. It can be from particles and dust to sprays and smoke.
The APF (Assigned Protection Factor) shows the factor that can protect the wearer from hazardous substances. For instance, a face mask with an APF of 4 will decrease the hazard of the wearer breathing in toxic substances by four times.
The FFP1 face mask is the most basic of face masks. You can usually use them to protect during DIY tasks such as sanding. This face mask can protect against non-toxic substances like brick dust, cement, limestone, and pollen. Still, it will not be enough protection if the sense is toxic – higher protection is obligatory.
FFP2 Face Mask (N95)
The FFP2 face mask provides more protection than the FFP1 face mask. The World Health Organisation recommends the EU equivalent of the US N95 mask standard during the SARS, coronavirus, and avian flu. However, it protects from harmful substances in the air like lead dust, aerosols, and smoke. It is a famous face mask in mining industries, metal industries, agriculture and is the go-to face mask for healthcare professionals to guard against influenza.
FFP3 Face Mask (N99)
The FFP3 face mask offers the highest protection from breathing in hazardous materials in the environment. The face mask can protect from various toxins, like asbestos, bacteria, viruses, and healthcare professionals use them when handling hazardous pharmaceutical chemicals.
What Is The Aim Of The Small Valve At The Front Of Some Face Masks?
Valved respirators create it easier to exhale air. It makes them comfortable to wear and leads to less moisture build-up inside the face mask. The valve also decreases condensation caused by the face mask on wearers of glasses. The problem with valved face masks is that they do not filter the wearer’s exhalation, only the inhale. The one-way protection puts others nearby the wearer at risk in a condition like Covid-19. It is for the reason that some hospitals and many other medical practices do not use valved respirators.
What Are The Different Standards?
European face mask manufacturers use two different standards. The “filtering facepiece” score comes from EN standard. Then EN 143 standard covers P1, P2, or P3 ratings. CEN (European Committee for Standardization) maintained both standards. Thus, FFFP1, FFP2 and FFP3 face masks are European manufacturing.
It offers protection against more dangers, which can decrease the risk to the health and safety of the end-user.
NIOSH manages standard, part of the Center for Disease Control (CDC). It covers the N95, N99, and N100 face masks. The most commonly used respirator type is N95.
Chinese uses the GB2626-2006 standard. The KN95 face mask has – theoretically at least – the same description as the American N95 or European FFP2.
What Is The Lifetime Of A Disposable Face Mask?
A disposable respirator can last for a complete eight-hour shift, or the wearer finds the breathing resistance is too excellent.